Hipocresía, ponerse en escena y reputación: el parecer moral como motivación

Andres E. Murcia Navarro

Resumen


To put oneself on stage: moral appearance as moral motivation

This article aims to critically review the social, cultural, psychological, cognitive and hermeneutic elements of moral hypocrisy, and its manifestation as moral staging. We begin with the social usage of the hypocrisy concept to explore its value as a moral strategy. Well explore the historical and conceptual symbiosis between morality and hypocrisy to show each other’s tolerance. We will delve into empirical studies on moral hypocrisy, with its motives and inconsistencies, in order to discuss the social usefulness of moral staging. We will finish with an attempt to approach the moral staging like a possible moral heuristic, a cognitive schema and a tool of the justification system.

Key words. Moral hypocrisy, moral integrity, normative frameworks, personal frameworks, moral staging.


Texto completo:

PDF

Referencias


Alicke, M., Gordon, E., & Rose, D. (2013), “Hypocrisy: What counts?” Philosophical Psychology 26 (5): 673-701.

Barclay, W. (1977), Palabras griegas del Nuevo Testamento. Madrid: Editorial Mundo Hispano.

Barden, J., Rucker, D. D., & Petty, R. E. (2005), “Saying one thing and doing another: Examining the impact of event order on hypocrisy judgments of others,” Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin 31 (11): 1463-1474.

Batson, C. D. (1994), “Why act for the public good? Four answers,” Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin 20 (5): 603-610.

Batson, C. D., Kobrynowicz, D., Dinnerstein, J. L., Kampf, H. C., & Wilson, A. D. (1997), “In a very different voice: unmasking moral hypocrisy,” Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 72 (6): 1335.

Batson, C. D., Thompson, E. R., Seuferling, G., Whitney, H., & Strongman, J. A. (1999), “Moral hypocrisy: appearing moral to oneself without being so,” Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 77 (3): 525.

Batson, C. D., Thompson, E. R., & Chen, H. (2002), “Moral hypocrisy: addressing some alternatives,” Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 83 (2): 330.

Batson, C. D. (2008), “Moral masquerades: Experimental exploration of the nature of moral motivation,” Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 7 (1): 51-66.

Batson, C. D. (2011), “What’s wrong with morality?” Emotion Review 3 (3): 230-236.

Bunge, M., & del Solar, R. G. (2007), A la caza de la realidad: La controversia sobre el realismo. Barcelona: Gedisa.

D’Andrade, R. G., & Strauss, C. (eds.) (1992), Human Motives and Cultural Models (Vol. 1). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

D’Andrade, R. G., & Strauss, C. (eds.) (1992), Human Motives and Cultural Models (Vol. 1). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Douglas, M. (1996), La aceptabilidad del riesgo según las ciencias sociales. Barcelona: Gedisa

Fried, C. B. (1998), “Hypocrisy and identification with transgressions: A case of undetected dissonance,” Basic and Applied Social Psychology 20 (2): 144-154.

Fointiat, Valerie (2011), “Saying, but not doing: Induced hypocrisy, trivialization, and misattribution,” Social Behavior and Personality 39 (4): 465-475.

Grant, R. W. (2008). Hypocrisy and Integrity: Machiavelli, Rousseau, and the Ethics of Politics. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Hume, D. (2006), Investigación sobre los principios de la moral. Madrid: Alianza Editorial.

Ingenieros, J. (2010), El hombre mediocre (1913). Linkgua digital.

Jost, J., & Hunyady, O. (2003), “The psychology of system justification and the palliative function of ideology,” European Review of Social Psychology 13 (1): 111-153.

Kant, I. (1999), La metafísica de las costumbres (1797), trad. A.Cortina Orts y J.Conill Sancho, Madrid: Tecnos.

Lammers, J., Stapel, D. A., & Galinsky, A. D. (2010), “Power increases hypocrisy moralizing in reasoning, immorality in behavior,” Psychological Science 21 (5): 737-744.

Lammers, J. (2012), “Abstraction increases hypocrisy,” Journal of Experimental Social Psychology 48 (2): 475-480.

McConnell, A. R., & Brown, C. M. (2010), “Dissonance averted: Self-concept organization moderates the effect of hypocrisy on attitude change,” Journal of Experimental Social Psychology 46 (2): 361-366.

Maturana, H. R., & Romesin, H. M. (2003), La objetividad: Un argumento para obligar. Santiago: Comunicaciones Noreste.

Maturana, H. R., & Romesín, H. M. (1996), La realidad: Objetiva o construida? Fundamentos biológicos del conocimiento. Barcelona: Anthropos Editorial.

Monin, B., & Merritt, A. (2010), “Moral hypocrisy, moral inconsistency, and the struggle for moral integrity,” upcoming in M. Mikulincer & P Shaver (eds.), The social psychology of morality: Exploring de causes of good and evil, Herzlya Series on Personality and Social Psychology, Vol. 3, American Psychological Association.

Molière, J. B. P. (2001), Tartufo (1664), Pehuén.

Polman, E., & Ruttan, R. L. (2012), “Effects of anger, guilt, and envy on moral hypocrisy,” Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin 38 (1): 129-139.

Searle, J. R. (1964), “How to derive ‘ought’ from is”, The Philosophical Review 73 (1): 43-58.

Stone, J., Wiegand, A. W., Cooper, J., & Aronson, E. (1997), “When exemplification fails: Hypocrisy and the motive for self-integrity,” Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 72(1): 54.

Sunstein, C. R. (2005), “Moral heuristics,” Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28(4): 531-541.

Szabados, B., & Soifer, E. (1999), “Hypocrisy, change of mind, and weakness of will: How to do moral philosophy with examples,” Metaphilosophy 30 (1,2): 60-78.

Valdesolo, P., & DeSteno, D. (2008), “The duality of virtue: Deconstructing the moral hypocrite,” Journal of Experimental Social Psychology 44 (5): 1334-1338.

Valdesolo, P., & DeSteno, D. (2007), “Moral hypocrisy: Social groups and the flexibility of virtue,” Psychological Science 18 (8): 689-690.

Villeval, M. C., & Rustichini, A. (2012), “Moral hypocrisy, power and social preferences,” in 2012 International Economic Science Association (ESA) Conference, New York University, New-York, 21-23 June, 2012.

Zimbardo, P. G. (2008), El efecto Lucifer: el porqué de la maldad. Madrid: Paidós Ibérica.


Enlaces refback

  • No hay ningún enlace refback.


Revista semestral editada por el Centro de Estudios Filosóficos, Políticos
y Sociales Vicente Lombardo Toledano
de la Secretaría de Educación Pública,
la Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana-Iztapalapa y Edicions UIB de la Universitat de les Illes Balears.

Lombardo Toledano 51, Col. Ex-Hda. Guadalupe Chimalistac,
Del. Alvaro Obregón, C.P. 01050, México, D.F.
Tels. (5255) 5661-4679 y 5661-4987
Fax: (5255) 5661-1787